Eye injuries come in many shapes and sizes, with varying degrees of severity. Some might necessitate emergency action and immediate care by an optician, while others can be taken care of at home. Follow these guidelines for common eye injuries, to plan out your next step following an accident. Remember that common sense safety precautions including wearing protective goggles may be your best bet for preventing eye injuries altogether.
An example of an injury that should not be taken lightly is a corneal abrasion (scratched eye). It can cause serious harm in a short amount of time and potentially result in blindness. Scratches are commonly the result of a poke in the eye, or scratching the eye when there is sand in it. Because a scratch can open your eye to bacterial infection it's very important that you visit your optometrist or an urgent care office. The best care for a scratched eye is to cover it loosely and to see your optometrist immediately to inspect it. Rubbing the eye will only cause greater damage and completely covering the eye can give bacteria a place to grow.
Another common eye injury is chemical exposure. It can be scary to be sprayed in the eye by an unknown liquid. The first thing to determine is which chemical went into your eye. A chemical's basic makeup is the most significant factor. Although acids can cause considerable redness and pain, they can be rinsed out fairly easily. However, base or alkali chemicals can be much more serious but may not appear to be because they don't cause as much immediate burning or swelling as acids.
Though no one ever wants to think about an injury to the eye, it's always good to be prepared with how to react in potentially hazardous emergencies. By following this guide you can feel confident that you'll be ready to handle most routine eye injuries. Don't forget, extra safety precautions can help you avoid these injuries altogether so consult with your optometrist about preventative eye care options!